What is Autism?
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by social, communication and behavioral challenged. The term “spectrum” reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately including autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder and Asperger syndrome.
Statistics and Facts
- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1 in 54 children are diagnosed with autism in the United States.
- ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups
- ASD is more than 4 times more common among boys than among girls
- Little or no eye Contact
- Little or no smiles or engaging expressions
- Little or no engaging sounds
- Little or no hand gestures
- Little or no response to name
- Little or no words spoken
- Little or no meaningful phrases
- Intense reactions to sounds smells, tastes, textures, and/or lights
- Trouble understanding other’s feelings
- Loss of speech or social skills
- Delayed language development
- Resistance to changes in routing or surroundings