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What is Autism?

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by social, communication and behavioral challenged. The term “spectrum” reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately including autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder and Asperger syndrome.  

Statistics and Facts

  • The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1 in 54 children are diagnosed with autism in the United States.
  • ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups 
  • ASD is more than 4 times more common among boys than among girls 

The Signs

6 Months
  • Little or no eye Contact
  • Little or no smiles or engaging expressions
9 Months
  • Little or no engaging sounds 
12 Months
  • Little or no hand gestures 
  • Little or no response to name 
16 Months
  • Little or no words spoken 
24 Months
  • Little or no meaningful phrases 
Any Age 
  • Intense reactions to sounds smells, tastes, textures, and/or lights 
  • Trouble understanding other’s feelings 
  • Loss of speech or social skills 
  • Delayed language development 
  • Resistance to changes in routing or surroundings 

Hope Pavilion
5220 S. Sixth Street, Suite 1700
Springfield, IL  62703

Toll Free: 866-5-ABA-HOPE

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