What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by social, communication and behavioral challenges. The term “spectrum” reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately including autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder and Asperger syndrome.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 1 in 44 children are diagnosed with autism in the United States.
ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups.
ASD is more than 4 times more common among boys than among girls.
Possible Signs of Autism
- Little or no eye contact
- Little or no smiles or engaging expressions
- Little or no engaging sounds
- Little or no hand gestures
- Little or no response to name
- Little or no words spoken
- Little or no meaningful phrases
- Intense reactions to sounds smells, tastes, textures, and/or lights
- trouble understanding other’s feelings
- Loss of speech or social skills
- Delayed language development
- Resistance to changes in routing or surroundings
Screenings and Diagnostics
Autism Spectrum Disorder is diagnosed by clinicians based on symptoms, signs, and testing. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends children to be screened for developmental delays during periodic checkup and specifically for autism at 18- and 24-month well-child visits.
“I’m concerned my child might have ASD.”
Our clinic understands the fear and uncertainty that comes with the early suspicions about autism. We are here to guide you through the process with years of clinical expertise using gold standard assessment tools, and the right questions are asked and answered:
- What signs should I be looking for?
- How early can a child be diagnosed with ASD?
- How do I help my child down this unknown path?
For many children, symptoms improve with age and behavioral treatment, however, there is no cure for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Early diagnosis and appropriate evidence-based intervention provides individuals with the best opportunity to achieve their maximum potential.
Note: Evidence-based interventions are those that have undergone rigorous research and review, have been replicated and have consistently demonstrated positive outcomes for individuals with autism.
Evidence-based treatments include:
- Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
- Cognitive Behavioral Intervention
- Speech/Language Therapy
- Social Skills Training
- Visual Supports